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Ubuntu Keyboard Shortcuts

Full list of Ubuntu Keyboard shortcuts

Keyboard shortcuts are combinations of two or more keys that you can use to perform a task that would typically require a mouse or other pointing device. Getting familiar with keyboard shortcuts not only help you get the work done faster, but also more efficient.

Previously I have covered Microsoft Windows, Windows 8.1 and RT, Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Microsoft Internet Explorer and Microsoft Edge Keyboard Shortcuts. This article covers Ubuntu Keyboard Shortcuts. So let’s get started.


Desktop shortcuts

Shortcut Command

 Alt+F1

Open the Applications menu

 Alt+F2

Run an application by typing its name in the box which appears

 Prt Sc

(Print Screen) Take a screenshot of the whole screen

 Alt+Prt Sc

Take a screenshot of the current window

 Shift+Prt Sc

Take a screenshot of a selected rectangle on the screen

Window shortcuts

Shortcut Command

 Alt+Tab

Switch between currently-open windows. Press Alt+Tab and then release Tab (but continue to hold Alt). Press Tab repeatedly to cycle through the list of available windows which appears on the screen. Release the Alt key to switch to the selected window.

 Ctrl+Alt+Tab

Switch between currently-open windows in all Workspaces. Press Tab repeatedly to cycle through the list of available windows which appears on the screen. Release the Ctrl and Alt keys to switch to the selected window.

 Ctrl+Alt+Left/Right Cursor

Lets you quickly switch between your Workspaces.

These might not work on every machine, but are reasonably common:

Shortcut Command

 Alt+F7

Moves the current window (can be moved with mouse or keyboard).

 Alt+F8

Resizes current window (again, can be moved with mouse or keyboard).

 Alt+F9

Minimises current window.

 Alt+F10

Maximises current window.

 Alt+Space

Brings up window menu with with ‘Always on Top’ and ‘Minimise’ and ‘Maximise’ and above commands.

These might change depending on the application you’re using, but work for most common applications:

Shortcut Command

 Alt+F5

Returns window to ‘normal’ or previous size.

 Alt+F4

Closes window.

Desktop Effects enabled shortcuts

Note: All of the shortcuts listed in this section require Desktop Effects to be enabled.

Shortcut Command

 Ctrl+Alt+Left/Right Cursor

Spins the ‘cube’ that your workspaces reside on, allowing you to select the workspace you wish to use.

 Ctrl+Alt+Up Cursor

Enables an ‘expose’ like feature that presents you with all the windows you currently have open, allowing you to select the one you wish to give focus to.

 Ctrl+Alt+Down Cursor

Unfolds your workspace cube allowing you to see more than one of your workspaces at once, using the left and right cursor keys with this active will allow you to select the workspace you wish to use.

 Ctrl+Alt+Tab

Switch between currently-open windows across all workspaces.

 Super+W

Enables the ‘scale’ effect, it shows all windows from the current workspace.

 Super+A

Enables the ‘scale’ effect, it shows all windows from all workspaces.

 Super+N

Invert colours of the focused window.

 Super+M

Invert colours for the whole screen.

Super+Mouse Scroll Wheel

Zooms in on the screen.

Super+Middle Mouse Button

Select a region to zoom into, using a rectangle.

 Ctrl+Super+D

Toggles ‘Show Desktop’.

 Alt+Middle Mouse Button

Resize focused window.

 Alt+Left Mouse Button

Move focused window.

 Alt+Right Mouse Button

Show window menu.

 Super+S

Zoom out, show workspace switcher

Common application shortcuts

Shortcut Command

 Ctrl+C

Copy the selected text/object

 Ctrl+X

Cut the selected text/object

 Ctrl+V

Paste/insert the selected text/object

 Ctrl+A

Select all text

 Ctrl+B

Make the selected text bold

 Ctrl+I

Make the selected text italic

 Ctrl+U

Underline the selected text

 Ctrl+N

Open a new document or window

 Ctrl+S

Save the current document

 Ctrl+O

Open another document

 Ctrl+P

Print the current document

 Ctrl+Z

Undo the last change you made

 Ctrl+Shift+Z

Redo a change that you just undid

System shortcuts

Shortcut Command

 Ctrl+Alt+Delete

Restart the computer immediately, without saving open files

 Ctrl+Alt+Plus (numeric keypad)

Rotate through supported screen resolutions

 Ctrl+Alt+Minus (numeric keypad)

Rotate backwards through supported screen resolutions

Application-specific shortcuts

  • Firefox Web Browser
Shortcut Command

 Ctrl+T

Open a new tab

 Ctrl+Tab

Rotate through each tab

 Ctrl+Shift+Tab

Rotate backwards through each tab

 Ctrl+W

Close the current tab (or browser if on last tab)

 Ctrl+L

Enter a new web address

 Ctrl+B

Show a list of your bookmarks

 Ctrl+H

Show your browsing history

 Ctrl+K

Enter a new web search in the search bar

 Ctrl+Y

Show a list of downloaded files

 F11

Display the current page full-screen

 Esc

Stop loading the current page

 Ctrl+R

Reload the current page

  • LibreOffice Writer
Shortcut Command

 F7

Check the spelling of the current document

 Ctrl+F

Find and replace words

 Ctrl+Z

Undo the last change

 Ctrl+Y

Redo a change which you just undid

 Ctrl+L

Align the current paragraph/selection to the left

 Ctrl+E

Align the current paragraph/selection to the center of the document

 Ctrl+R

Align the current paragraph/selection to the right

 Ctrl+Shift+J

Show the current document full-screen

Laptop Function Shortcuts

Many laptops have function (Fn) keys which you can hold down to access more functions on the laptop’s keyboard. A list of these functions should be available from the laptop manufacturer.

Please leave your comments below with your favourite shortcuts or share the one you use and not listed above so I can check them out and possibly add them to this article.

Nik

Experienced IT Consultant working and living in the UK. In early years he was born and raised up in Greece and been to the UK since studies. He is passionate with technology, gadgets and computers, he really likes the internet and IT in general.

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